The security of web applications requires more and more work. This is because they are vulnerable to hacking attacks and network threats. Cyber security is therefore becoming increasingly important. Do you know how to provide effective protection against threats? In this article, we will discuss 7 effective methods that will allow you to protect your applications from dangerous attacks and avoid problems in the future. Remember, however, that these are just a few selected safeguards, and individual safeguards should be consulted with specialists.
Hacking attacks – the greatest threat of the 21st century
Hacking attacks are actions that aim to breach the security of an information system. They are a real threat to software security. They may involve hacking into the system, intercepting data, or destroying or blocking access to data. Hacking attacks can be carried out by individuals or by organizations, and can be aimed at both financial gain and harm. Even in the age of advanced security, they threaten software security.
Attacks on web applications revolve around the manipulation of input data through web forms and input data, through the use of APIs. Unfortunately, the software often contains vulnerabilities that compromise its security. Web applications are a frequent target of hackers and a valuable source of information on individuals and companies.
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Web application security – the biggest threats
There are many types of threats in cyberspace that threaten the security of web applications. They can come from individuals, companies or states. These threats can be used for commercial, political or military purposes.
Among the most common cyber threats are attacks:
– Phishing, in which an attacker sends an email or message purporting to be from a legitimate source in order to trick the recipient into providing sensitive information or clicking on a malicious link.
– type DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service), in which an attacker floods a website with network traffic to prevent legitimate users from accessing it.
– type of Ransomware, which involve the attacker encrypting the victim’s files and demanding payment of a ransom to restore access.
– Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs): involve an attacker establishing a long-term, undetected presence on a victim’s network to steal sensitive information.
Such attacks can be devastating to individuals, organizations and even governments. They can cause financial losses, disrupt operations and damage reputations. Experts in the field. Cyber security experts believe that the biggest threat is the increasing sophistication of these attacks and the difficulty in identifying and preventing them. Therefore, it is extremely important to have a solid security infrastructure, as well as to remain vigilant and learn about the latest threats. Taking care of software security is a priority.
Protecting applications from hacking attacks can be difficult, but there are some protective measures that can be taken. The most important of these is the use of in-app security, such as firewalls and data encryption. A firewall protects the application from unauthorized access, while data encryption helps keep data safe from hackers.
Security development cycle vs. software security
The goal of the security development cycle is to identify and mitigate security risks during the software development process, rather than trying to address them after the fact. The term security development cycle refers to the creation of software in which the risk of intrusion is minimized.
It usually involves several stages, such as:
– definition of requirements,
– implementing solutions.
Secure software uses measures taken to protect systems and data that are vulnerable to unauthorized access, misuse, disclosure, disruption, modification or destruction. This can include a variety of techniques and best practices, such as implementing encryption, using secure encryption practices, conducting regular vulnerability assessments, and implementing security controls such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
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Best practices to enhance web application security. Learn 7 tips that may be helpful
The risk of a hacking attack is always there, but with the following rules you can greatly minimize it. Awareness of the risks and application of knowledge in practice will help you improve the security level of your software, regardless of your industry or type of business. It is worth noting that in the following text you will find only a few selected safeguards. The need for others should be consulted with specialists.
Here are 7 practical tips for app developers:
1. take care of the safeguards
Use a web application firewall (WAF): WAF can help protect your web application from various types of attacks, such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS) and cross-site request forgery (CSRF).
2. monitor web applications and servers
Conduct regular security assessments to identify and address vulnerabilities in your application. This includes both manual testing and automated scanning. Errors in your code can expose sensitive information to hackers, so it’s important to handle them in a secure manner.
3. keep web applications up to date
Updating web applications can help fix known vulnerabilities and patch security holes. This can prevent attackers from exploiting these vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or disrupt operations. Ongoing updates enhance the security of the software.
4 Create regular backups
Backing up web applications is an important aspect of maintaining their availability and integrity, but it also has implications for software security. Web applications need to be protected, and having backups can help mitigate the effects of a hacking attack. For example, if an attacker is able to delete or encrypt important data, having an up-to-date backup can allow an organization to quickly restore data and minimize the disruption caused by this attack.
It is important to test backups regularly and make sure they are working as intended. Each user must be able to recover the application and make sure it works as expected.
5. ensure proper access control
Web application security is provided by a reasonable approach to access control. The human factor is unreliable in this area, so care must be taken to ensure that data does not fall into the wrong hands.
Access control involves identifying and authenticating users and granting or denying them access to the web application and its functions based on role or privilege. The purpose of access control is to ensure that only authorized users are able to access the web application and perform authorized actions.
6. use the password manager
Secure software is largely about complex and non-obvious passwords. Use encryption to protect sensitive data such as passwords and credit card information when it is stored or transmitted over the network. Leaking customer data can carry serious consequences for a company. For this reason, passwords should be filed and kept in a safe place. It is important to take care of the storage of cryptographic materials such as passwords, keys and certificates. Any information that is not properly protected can be read and used by attackers.
To maintain the highest security standards, it’s a good idea to use a password manager, such as LastPass or 1Password. They allow, among other things: generating strong passwords to protect against hacking, or logging in without a password thanks to a repository secured by an additional master password.
7. secure access to the server
To increase software security, securing access to the server is key. Remote access to the server should be encrypted, and the protection of the server itself should be based on several levels of security, such as firewall, VPN, authentication, access control, server access monitoring, and external service updates.
Popular software vulnerabilities
There are many different types of application security vulnerabilities. These are vulnerabilities that degrade software security, which hackers exploit. They are worth knowing in order to improve the security of web applications. Some of the most common gaps include:
It occurs when an attacker is able to insert malicious SQL code into a web application database query. This could allow an attacker to gain unauthorized access to sensitive data or even take control of the database.
Cross-site scripting (XSS)
It occurs when an attacker is able to inject malicious code into a website viewed by other users. The injected code can then be executed by users’ web browsers, allowing the attacker to steal sensitive information or take control of the user’s browser.
Cross-site request forgery (CSRF).
It occurs when an attacker is able to trick a user into performing an unwanted action in a web application, such as changing a password or making a purchase.
Insecure Direct Object References (IDOR).
It occurs when an attacker is able to manipulate a parameter in a URL to access a resource that the user should not have access to.
This is a broad category of attack in which an attacker can control the input and make the system execute an unintended command, this type of vulnerability can occur in various types of injection, such as command injection, buffer overflow, file injection.
Broken Authentication and Session Management
What is Broken Authentication and Session Management and does it threaten software security? This is a threat that occurs when session management is not handled properly and can lead to session hijacking, password cracking and other hacking attacks.
Who to outsource the development of web application security?
The above tips may not be enough, so if you care about web application security, take advantage of the expertise of experts. At FutureCode, we develop and deploy dedicated software with data protection in mind. In addition, we offer consulting on existing projects to maintain the highest safety standards.
Our employees keep abreast of new gaps and trends in the field and are constantly improving their competence. One of our services is software development, which will allow you to achieve new business goals without unnecessary risks. Get to know our offer!